Lisbon have sex

Added: Sarha Tafolla - Date: 24.11.2021 12:01 - Views: 30586 - Clicks: 747

Keywords: Adolescents Sexual experience Age of sexual initiation Condom use Pill use Sexual intercourse under the influence of alcohol or drugs.

Lisbon have sex

This study examined trends in adolescent sexual behaviors from to in Portugal. Data were collected using self-reported questionnaires from 8th and 10th graders in classrooms during,and Overall, the prevalence of sexual intercourse, age of sexual initiation, pill use, and sexual intercourse under the influence of alcohol or drugs decreased in Portugal between andwhile condom use increased.

Boys and 10th graders more frequently reported having ever had sexual intercourse, boys and 8th graders more frequently reported having had sexual intercourse under the influence of alcohol or drugs, girls and 10th graders more frequently reported having had their first sexual intercourse at 14 years or older except inwhere boys and girls reported more frequently having initiated at 12—13 yearsand girls and 10th graders reported more frequently having used condoms and the pill except in at the last sexual intercourse.

Eighth graders more frequently reported having had their first sexual experience at 12—13 years except in Published by S. Adolescents, unlike adults, may be more prone to engage in risky sexual behavior due to perceptions of personal invulnerability and their tendency to focus on the immediate, rather than long-term, consequences of their behavior [ 1 - 3 ]. The majority of older adolescents aged 15 years or older in Portugal are sexually active, yet many do not take appropriate precautions to prevent preg nancy or the spread of sexually transmitted infections STIs [ 3 ].

Adolescents routinely engage in behaviors that put their health at risk. Risky sexual behaviors are of particular concern to parents, teachers, and health professionals in that they can lead to serious consequences both for the adolescents involved and for any of unseen partners. Parents, teachers, and health professionals are faced with 3 challenges: 1 how to understand this behavior, 2 how to identify risky sexual behavior in the adolescent, and 3 what to do about it. Age of sexual initiation has been decreasing in several industrialized countries [ 134 ].

According to recent Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children HBSC surveys, most sexually active year-olds reported having had their first sexual intercourse from 14 years of age upwards [ 56 ]. Addressing sexual behavior among very young people is therefore of ificant relevance to public health [ 7 - 9 ].

Sexual activity is commonly initiated during adolescence [ 1 - 3 ], but while generally accepted as a normative part of the transition to adulthood, it can have negative consequences such as infection with HIV and other STIs, unwanted pregnancy, and abortion. Young people are at higher risk of related negative outcomes than adults, primarily due to their relative physical, emotional, and cognitive immaturity [ 1011 ], and tend to engage more frequently in risky behaviors such as sexual intercourse without a condom [ 21213 ].

Although there has been a recent decline in HIV infection among adolescents in industrialized countries, rates of other STIs have increased [ 1414 ]. This paper aims to 1 describe trends in sexual experience, sexual initiation, condom and pill use at the last sexual intercourse, and sexual intercourse under the influence of alcohol or drugs among adolescents of the 8th and 10th grades from to in Portugal; and 2 describe variations in these trends over time in boys and girls and school grades 8th and 10th.

Data were collected through a self-administered questionnaire from the Portuguese sample of the HBSC study of,and [ 15 - 16 ]. The study provided national representative data of 14, Portuguese adolescents, randomly chosen from those attending the 8th and 10th grades of high school and the opportunity to examine trends in sexual behavior. The sample included The majority was of Portuguese nationality The sampling unit used in this survey was the class. The schools in the sample were randomly selected from the official national list of public schools.

In each school, classes were randomly selected in order to meet the required of students for each grade, according to the international research protocol. This study was approved by a scientific committee, an ethical national committee, and the national commission for data protection and strictly followed all the guidelines for human rights protection. In the questionnaire, which covered a wide range of questions about behaviors and lifestyles in adolescence, issues were selected that relate to sociodemographic characteristics and sexual behavior [ 17 ].

Time was included as a ratio variable reflecting the year of study with as baseline. Analyses and statistical procedures were carried out in the Statistical Package for Social Sciences program version 22 for Windows. Overall, 14, participants completed structured self-reported questionnaires. The total s differed considering that some participants did not reply to some questions.

Descriptive statistics were performed to characterize the sample and to examine sexual behaviors according to gender and grade. Table 2 shows the trends in sexual behaviors between and There was a ificant decrease from to Differences between,and for questions about sexual behaviors.

Moreover, according to the of the last study, participants most frequently reported having had sexual intercourse for the first time at the age of 12—13 years. Among those who were sexually active, overall, Regarding those who were sexually active, overall, only Table 3 shows the trends in sexual behaviors between and by gender. In addition, suggested that there was a ificant decrease in the rate of boys who reported having had sexual intercourse from to Differences between,and and gender for questions about sexual behaviors.

There was no statistically ificant difference between gender and the age of first sexual intercourse in Nevertheless, showed that both boys and girls more frequently reported having had their first sexual intercourse at the age of 12—13 years, particularly boys.

There was no statistically ificant difference between boys and girls as for the use of a condom the last time they had engaged in sexual intercourse for the 4 cycles of the study and for the use of the pill in 3 cycles of the study, and Ingirls reported more frequently having used the pill the last time they had engaged in sexual intercourse. Although not representing statistically ificant differences, overall showed that girls more often than boys reported having used a condom and the pill at the last sexual intercourse.

Table 4 shows the trends in sexual behaviors between and by grade. There was a statistically ificant difference between 8th and 10th graders who reported having ever had sexual intercourse in the 4 cycles of the study, with the students of the 10th grade reporting more frequently having had sexual intercourse. Differences between,and and grade for questions about sexual behaviors.

There was no statistically ificant difference between grade and the use of a condom the last time participants had engaged in sexual intercourse in There was no statistically ificant difference between grades and the use of the pill at the last sexual intercourse in There were no statistically ificant differences for having had sexual intercourse under the influence of alcohol or drugs between grades in, and It was also noticeable that both 8th and 10th graders reported more frequently having had sexual intercourse under the influence of alcohol or drugs in The goal of this study was to document recent trends in preventive sexual behaviors in Portuguese adolescents and assessing whether they have changed and how they have changed from to Comparing the data from the,and surveys, showed an increasing trend regarding the percentage of participants reporting their first sexual intercourse at 14 years or older except in and condom use at the last sexual intercourse except in as well as a stabilized trend concerning having had sexual intercourse, pill use at the last intercourse except inand having had intercourse under the influence of alcohol or drugs.

Overall, in terms of differences between gender and grade, showed that boys and older adolescents 10th graders more often stated having had sexual intercourse. Condom use among sexually active adolescents has been increasing over the same period, especially so among girls. In terms of the latest survey, specifically, on the one hand, there was an improvement in sexual reproductive health because some preventive behaviors have either increased having ever had sexual intercourse or stabilized having had sexual intercourse under the influence of alcohol or drugs.

On the other hand, some suggested that some sexual risk behaviors may be increasing since the age of first sexual intercourse may be decreasing to 12—13 years, and condom and pill use at the last sexual intercourse may be decreasing. Although these may seem ificant, they must be interpreted with caution. They may suggest an inversion of the trends from tobut it is not possible to attest to it yet. It would be of great interest to compare these with those of other HBSC countries. They may be the result of the reduction of investment that has been put into sexual education since the survey, when the Ministry of Education stopped putting schools under pressure concerning sexual education; they may be due to the latest scientific developments concerning AIDS; or they may reflect innumerous reasons not ed for in this paper.

Regardless of potentially worrisomethe authors must recall that the survey are overall positive in terms of sexual health, suggesting that the majority of those who attend the 8th and 10th grades do have protective behaviors. Nevertheless, in addition to overall protective includinga ificant minority of adolescents is involved in risk behaviors such as not having used a condom at the last sexual intercourse and having had sex at 13 years or younger, behaviors that can bring major negative outcomes individually and in terms of public health [ 38918 ].

Past analyses from to suggested that formal sexual education in the school context promoted protective sexual behaviors [ 19 ]; therefore, it must be determined whether sexual education has been modified or interrupted. In other words, sexual education in the school context should be evaluated. Inan evaluation about the implementation of the law No. The showed that the law was being fulfilled and, in general, the schools organized an office that provided information and support for students and managed its functioning.

In addition, school principals and teachers emphasized that schools were making a huge effort to implement the law. However, some of them questioned their ability to continue this process due to the economic restrictions at the time.

It is crucial to understand if and why prevention strategies have not been as successful overall as they seemed to have been in the past. Usage and distribution for commercial purposes as well as any distribution of modified material requires written permission. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication.

However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor s. The publisher and the editor s disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

Privacy Policy Terms of Use Imprint. Manage with MyKarger your orders simply and fast, save your favorite articles in your reading list, edit your newsletter profile and benefit from attractive discounts. Your password must comply with the following rules: One One special character e. We found an already existing MyKarger with this e-mail address:. Your MyKarger has been created. Please check your e-mails to validate your e-mail address. To reset your password, e-mail address or your user ID you registered with.

You will be sent an e-mail containing a link to reset your password. A link to reset your password has been sent to your e-mail address. Follow the instructions and try to log in again. Portuguese Journal of Public Health. Download Fulltext PDF. Research Article. Related Articles for " ". Port J Public Health ;— Introduction Adolescents, unlike adults, may be more prone to engage in risky sexual behavior due to perceptions of personal invulnerability and their tendency to focus on the immediate, rather than long-term, consequences of their behavior [ 1 - 3 ].

Methods Data were collected through a self-administered questionnaire from the Portuguese sample of the HBSC study of,and [ 15 - 16 ]. Table 1. Sociodemographic characteristics of the total sample. Table 2.

Lisbon have sex

Table 3. Table 4. Related Articles:. First- Preview. Karger AG, Basel. Company People Career Newsroom Contact. E-mail address. Set Your Password. Hide password Password. Log in to MyKarger?

Lisbon have sex

Keep me logged in. Forgot password.

Lisbon have sex

Complete Your Name. First Name. Last Name. I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree. Reset Your Password To reset your password, e-mail address or your user ID you registered with. Check Your E-Mails A link to reset your password has been sent to your e-mail address.

Lisbon have sex Lisbon have sex

email: [email protected] - phone:(583) 246-7936 x 4900

Lisbon Sex Guide For Singles And Couples